ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Proof

ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Proof

Body paragraphs in educational essays have evidence that supports debatable main some ideas that can be found in subject sentences, and accountable article writers make certain to introduce, cite, and explain quotes and paraphrases utilized as evidence.

INTRODUCE: Introduce all your valuable quotes using introductory phrases. Below are a few examples:

  • In accordance with Michael Smith, “you should make use of the author’s first and last title whenever you cite that writer the very first time in your paper” (1).
  • As Smith describes, “you can introduce a number to your quotes of different expressions” (1).
  • Smith implies that “if the introduction to your quote is not a clause that is dependent it does not have to be accompanied by a comma” (1).
  • Smith observes the next in the article: “by using a colon to introduce a quote, you will need a complete phrase preceding the colon” (1).

CITE: Provide appropriate parenthetical citations for many quotes and paraphrases (although not summaries). Look at the appropriate style guide for guidelines, e.g. MLA, APA, and Chicago. Check out directions for MLA style citation:

  • In the event that author’s title seems within the introduction into the quote or perhaps into the paraphrase, it doesn’t need to can be found in the parenthetical guide, once the citations above illustrate.
  • The name must appear in the parenthetical reference if the author’s name does not appear in the introduction to the quote. Look at following exemplory case of a cited paraphrase:

Some teachers at UM simply take points away from your last paper grade if you don’t cite paraphrased or quoted product ultius writer properly (Smith 1).

EXPLAIN: be sure to explain your quotes. Offer analysis that ties them back once again to your primary idea / topic sentence. Simply put, touch upon evidence to be able to include it to the argument you’re making.

Here’s an example of a complete educational body paragraph that illustrates ICE: introduction, citation, and description:

Despite their competence as visitors and writers, these young instructors have actually simply started to comprehend and be involved in the changing ecology of literacy described above, especially in adopting a view that electronic writing is worth attention in schools. Grabill and Hicks argue that “using ICTs (Information Communication Technologies) is not sufficient; critically focusing on how these writing technologies make it possible for new literacies and communication that is meaningful additionally be a core curricular and pedagogical purpose of English training” (307). While our experience as instructor educators, particularly into the context of Kristen’s program, shows us that adopting this viewpoint is difficult, we believe that you will find compelling social reasons why you should achieve this.

(Sample paragraph obtained from web page 62 of Turner, Kristen Hawley, and Troy Hicks. “‘That’s maybe maybe not Writing’: checking out the Intersection of Digital Writing, Community Literacy, and Social Justice.” Community Literacy Journal 6.1 (2011): 55-78. Printing.)

Activity: With someone, strive to correct the introductions and citations into the paragraph below.

Don DeLillo characterizes the United states National Identity as consumerism. The Gladneys are DeLillo’s depiction of this American consumerist that is typical family members. “That night, a Friday, we collected at the television set, as ended up being the customized together with guideline, with take-out Chinese.” (DeLillo 64) In this DeLillo that is excerpt ritualizes process of a household evening round the television. DeLillo will not merely suggest that this can be a tradition passed on through tradition, rather using the term ‘rule’ he’s invoking a moral imperative that elevates the big event from a social sensation up to a spiritual ritual. An additional example where consumerism is ritualized Jack is viewing their daughter Steffie rest when, “She uttered two demonstrably audible terms, familiar and evasive on top of that, words that did actually have ritual meaning, element of a verbal spell or chant that is ecstatic. Toyota Celia (DeLillo 148).” This quote reveals that not merely is consumerism a ritual that is external it additionally permeates our unconscious to the level that people imitate commercials inside our rest.